IN FOCLÓIR GAEILGE—BÉARLA
ábhar1, m. (gs. & npl. -air, gpl. ~). 1. Matter, material. ~ agus foirm, matter and form. ~ cóta, bróg, troscáin, material for a coat, shoes, furniture. ~ tógála, building material. ~ tine, fuel. ~ leabhair, material, theme, for a book. Tá ~ maith san éadach sin, there is good stuff in that cloth. Tá ~ culaithe ann, there is (enough) material in it for a suit. 2. ‘Makings’, potential qualities. (a) (Innate) ~ dea-dhuine, the makings of a good man. ~ file, scoláire, the makings of a poet, of a scholar. ~ diabhail, a young devil. (b) ~ sagairt, dochtúra, dlíodóra, clerical, medical, law, student. ~ siúinéara, gréasaí, apprentice carpenter, shoemaker. 3. Cause, reason. ~ gáire, bróin, gearáin, cause of, for, laughter, sorrow, complaint. Tá a ~ aige, he has cause, reason, for it. Tá ~ molta acu air, they have reason to praise him. Tá ~ maíte acu as, they have reason to boast of him. Ní i bhfad uaidh a chonaic sé an t-~, he had real cause for anxiety. Ar an ~ sin, for that reason. Ar an ~ go, for the reason that. Gan fáth gan ~, for no reason whatever. 4. Subject, topic. ~ léinn, scrúdaithe, educational, examination, subject. ~ léitheoireachta, reading matter. Ag caint ar an ~ seo, speaking on this subject. ~ machnaimh a thabhairt do dhuine, to give s.o. food for thought. Baineann sé le h~, it is relevant to the subject. I bhfad ón ~, wide of the mark, irrelevant. 5. Object. ~ trua, déirce, an object of pity, of charity. 6. Matter, pus. Ag déanamh ábhair, festering. 7. (a) A certain amount; a fair number. Tá ~ Gaeilge aige, he knows some Irish. Bhí ~ ban ina measc, there were a number of women among them. Rinneamar ~ maith ar an iasc, we caught a fair amount of fish. (b) (As adv.) Somewhat. Tá sé ~ teasaí, he is somewhat excitable. 8. Tá sé ar a ~ féin, he is on his own, free to follow his own inclinations. Bhí an bád ag imeacht ar a h~ féin, the boat was drifting.
ábhar2, m. (gs. & npl. -air, gpl. ~). Bed of rowlock.
IN FOCLÓIR GAEILGE—BÉARLA
Ní bhaineann sé le hábhar, it is irrelevant.
Ag ~eadh daoine gan ábhar, ar chúl a gcinn, censuring people without cause, behind their backs.
Ábhar i g~, matter in dispute, chose in action.
~ ábhair, table of contents.
Ábhar ~e, contentious matter, cause of controversy.
Ag cur leis an ábhar, leis an ócáid, appropriate to the matter, to the occasion.
Agus, ~ leis féin, a ábhar aige, and, in his own opinion, he has, had, good reason for it.
Angadh, ábhar, at, cnap, a dhéanamh, to form pus, matter, a swelling, a lump.
Ábhar ~, unworkable material.
Ábhar ~, light, trivial, matter.
Idir ábhar agus ~, both material and workmanship.
Ábhar éilimh, cause of complaint.
Gan ~ gan ábhar, for no reason at all.
~ ábhair, maoine, scarcity of material, of means.
Ábhar gairdis, cause for gratification.
~ agus ábhar, form and substance.
ábhar, gan chosaint, neamhdhleathach, material, undefended, illegal.
Níl ábhar imghabhála agam ort, I have no reason to keep out of your way.
Is mór an t-ábhar ~e é, it gives great cause for rejoicing.
Cérbh ~ a n-ábhar fíocha, although they had much cause to be at feud.
Thug sin ~ dom ar an ábhar, that gave me an insight into the subject.
Ábhar, leabhar, ~a, reading-matter, -book.
~ ábhair, decomposition of matter.
Ábhar ~, incendiary matter.
Ábhar machnaimh, food for thought.
Tá ábhar mórtais aige, he has something to brag about.
Ábhair léinn a mhúineadh, to teach educational subjects.
Scian, ábhair, mhúnlaithe, modelling knife, materials.
Ábhar ~, forbidden subject.
Ábhar ~e a thabhairt do dhuine, to scandalize s.o.
Ábhar pacála, packing material.
~ a léamh (ar ábhar), to read a paper (on a subject).
Ábhar, cás, ceist, a phlé, to debate a subject, a case, a question.
Ábhar a ransú, to examine a matter minutely.
Ábhair ~a, necessary materials.
~ a dhéanamh ar ábhar, to specialize in a subject.
Ábhar agus ~, material and labour.
Ar an ábhar ~, for that reason.
Ábhar tacair, ersatz matter.
~ a dhéanamh ar ábhar, to research a subject.
~ ábhair, the teaching of a subject.
Bhí sé ina ábhar ~í acu, it was a source of amusement to them.
Mac an tsaoir ábhar an ~, a craftsman’s son may grow up in ignorance of his father’s skills.
Tá sé ina ~ ar an ábhar, he is an authority on the subject.
Gach ~ mar a hábhar, like father like son.