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TORTHAÍ IN FOCLÓIR GAEILGE—BÉARLA
cáin1, f. (gs. cánach, pl. cánacha). 1. Lit:(a) Law, regulation, rule. (b) Due, tribute. 2. Fine, penalty. ~ a chur ar dhuine, to fine s.o. An cháin a íoc, to pay the penalty. Is beag an cháin a rinneadh air, he got off lightly. Níl ~ sa bhuille nach mbuailtear, hard words break no bones. ~ an pheaca, the penalty for sin. ~ aimseartha, shaolta, temporal punishment. ~ shíoraí, everlasting punishment. 3. Impost, tax. ~ a ghearradh, a leagan, ar rud, to lay a tax on sth. ~ a bhailiú, to collect a tax. Saor ó cháin, tax-free. ~ dhíreach, indíreach, direct, indirect tax. ~ ar oidhreacht, ar thalamh, ar thobac, tax on inheritance, on land, on tobacco. ~ bhealaigh, toll. ~ bhreisluacha, value-added tax. ~ chustaim, tariff. ~ fheistithe, moorage. ~ ioncaim, mhaoine, siamsa, income, property, entertainment, tax.
cáin2, v.t. & i. 1. Fine. ~eadh punt, sa chúirt, é, he was fined a pound, in court. 2. Condemn, censure. Ag moladh agus ag ~eadh, praising and blaming. Ag ~eadh daoine gan ábhar, ar chúl a gcinn, censuring people without cause, behind their backs. Níl sé le ~eadh mar cheoltóir, he is not to be condemned, not bad, as a musician. Créatúr nár choirigh is nár cháin, a harmless creature, a poor fellow who did neither hurt nor harm (to anyone). Is fearr an Té a chum ná an té a cháin, (in answer to detractor) we are all as God made us.
TORTHAÍ GAOLMHARA IN FOCLÓIR GAEILGE—BÉARLA
ABAIRTÍ IN FOCLÓIR GAEILGE—BÉARLA
Is minice an moladh aige ná an cáineadh, he is more given to praise than to blame.
Ná mol ~ ná cáin é, neither praise nor find fault with it.
Tá cíos, cáin, gearradh, air, it is subject to a rent, a tax, a rate.
~ cánach, cíosa, fiach, leabhar, stampaí, ticéad, tax-, rent-, debt-, book-, stamp-, ticket-, collector.
Cíos, cáin, luach mór, a bhaint amach, to exact a rent, a tax, a high price.
~ chánach, turnpike.
Níl cáin sa bhuille nach mbuailtear, hard words break no bones.
Bhí caitheamh is ~ acu air, they attacked and reviled him.
Bhí ~ is cáineadh acu air, they were casting aspersions on him.
Níl sa saol ach ~ is cáineadh, the world is full of censure.
Gan chíos gan cháin, free from rent and taxes; unburdened with expenses.
~ cánacha, schedule of taxes.
Cáin a chur ar an g~, to tax the people generally.
Cáin agus ~, tax and customs.
Luach, cáin, a chur ar rud, to put a value, a tax, on sth.
Ós leat an ~ ná hagair cáin, since the indictment rests with you do not sue for a penalty.
Cáin dhíreach, direct tax.
Cáin, fíneáil, a ghearradh ar dhuine, to levy a tax, a fine, on s.o.
In acmhainn an cháin a íoc, having the means to pay the tax.
Cáin ioncaim, income-tax.
Ná cáin é ar ~ a aoise, don’t condemn him for his lack of years.
Cáin láimhdeachais, turnover tax.
Cáin a ~an ar rud, to lay a tax on sth.
cánacha, praghsanna, lowering of taxes, of prices.
Cánacha a léasú, to farm out taxes.
~ cánach, surveyor of taxes.
~ luacha, cánach, assessment of value, of tax.
~ cánacha, assessor of taxes.
Cáin phrobháide, probate duty.
~ buíochais, cáinte, vote of thanks, of censure.
An cháin shaolta, temporal punishment.
Níor cháin mé duine agaibh ~ duine eile, I didn’t censure one of you rather than another.
~ cánach, assessment of tax.
~ cánach, revenue stamp.
Moladh, cáineadh, a thabhairt, to give praise, blame.
Achasán, cáineadh, contúirt, a tharraingt ar dhuine, to bring reproach, censure, danger, on s.o.
Cánacha ~a, severe taxes.
~ cánach, tax collection.
Cíos, cánacha, a thógáil, to collect rent, taxes.
Cíos, cánacha, a thobhach, to collect rent, taxes.
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