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TORTHAÍ IN ENGLISH—IRISH DICTIONARY
which. I a. 1 (Interrogative) Cé acu (ceann, etc.) (followed by relative clause) a (For subject or direct object) A (with lenited relative or independent form mores. and fut.; with lenited independent form in other tenses); a d' (before vowel or fh, except in pres. and fut.); neg. nach (eclipsing), nár (leniting past tense of regular vbs.) Which book do you want? cé acu leabhar a theastaíos, a theastaíonn uait? Which one will you take? cé acu ceann a thógfas, a thógfaidh, tú? Which one? cé acu ceann? Which ones? cé acu cinn? Which one of us? cé againn? Which way is the wind? cá bhfuil an ghaoth? b (With prep. pron. following the verb in Irish, whether prep. occurs in English or not) A, neg. nach (with eclipsed dependent form); ar, neg. nár (with lenited form of past tense of regular vbs.) From which man do you buy it? cé acu fear a gceannaíonn tú uaidh é? To which person did you send it? cé acu duine ar chuir tú chuige é? (With no prep. in English) Which man do you know? cé acu fear a bhfuil aithne agat air. Which woman do you expect? cé acu bean a bhfuil súil agat léi? 2 (Relative) Expressed by noun in Irish. a (Followed by relative clause as in 1 (a) above) He was armed with a gun, which weapon I had not observed, bhí gunna ar iompar aige, rud nár thugas faoi deara roimhe sin. He was told to leave the country, which advice he followed, iarradh air imeacht as an tír, rud a rinne sé. b (With prep. in Irish, whether prep. occurs in English or not.. Followed by relative clause as in 1 (b) above) He gave it to John, to which person I had already given money, thug sé do Sheán é, fear ar thugas féin airgead dó roimhe sin. I spent a week in Galway, in which place I had never been before, chaith mé seachtain i nGaillimh, áit nach raibh mé riamh go dtí sin. (Without prep. in English) I spoke to the secretary, which person I had known for many years, labhair mé leis an rúnaí, duine a raibh aithne agam air le blianta fada. c Agus (with independent clause) He stayed here two weeks, during which time he never left the house, d'fhan sé anseo ar feadh coicíse, agus níor fhág sé an teach i rith an ama. II pron. 1 (Interrogative) a Cé acu, (followed by relative clause as in I. 1 (a) above) Which will you take? cé acu a thógfas, a thógfaidh, tú? Which do you want? cé acu a theastaíos, a theastaíonn, uait? Which of the ladies has come? cé acu de na mná a tháinig? Which of you, of us? cé agaibh, cé againn? Tell me which is which. abair liom cé acu a chéile. I can't tell which is which, ní aithním thar a chéile iad. I don't mind which, is cuma liom cé acu. Which do you prefer, milk or cream? cé acu, cé, is fearr leat, bainne nó uachtar? b (With prep. in Irish, whether prep. occurs in English or not) Cé acu, (followed by relative clause as in I. 1 (b) above) To which do you give them? cé acu a dtugann tú dó é. Which do you know, cé acu a bhfuil aithne agat air? 2 (Relative) a (For subject or direct object) A, a d', neg. nach, nár (followed by relative clause as in I. 1 (a) above). The one which you want, an ceann a theastaíos, a theastaíonn, uait. The books which I shall buy, na leabhair a cheannós, a cheannóidh, mé. The house which was to be sold, an teach a bhí le díol. b (Continuative clauses) (Co-ordinating conj. with independent clause; or Rud followed by relative clause as in I. 1 (a) above) He looked like a clerk which indeed he was, bhí cosúlacht chléirigh air, agus ba chléireach é. If this happens, which God forbid, má tharlaíonn seo, agus nár lige Dia é. He was back in Galway, which I didn't know, bhí sé ar ais i nGaillimh, rud nach raibh a fhios agam. He said it was not true, which I believe, dúirt sé liom nárbh fhíor é, rud a chreidim. 3 (Relative, with prep. in Irish whether prep. occurs in English or not) a A, neg. nach; ar, neg. nár (followed by relative clause as in I. 1 (b) above) The houses to which we are going, na tithe a bhfuil muid ag dul chucu. The matter of which I am thinking, an rud a bhfuil mé ag smaoineamh air. The pen with which I am writing, which I am writing with, an peann a bhfuil mé ag scríobh leis. (With no prep. in English) The result which you expect, an toradh a bhfuil súil agat leis. The food which I detest, an bia a bhfuil an ghráin agam air. b (Continuative clause) (Co-ordinating conj. with independent clause; or Rud followed by relative clause as in I. 1 (b) above) He demands that they should know Irish, in which he is right, éilíonn sé go mbeadh an Ghaeilge acu, agus an ceart ansin aige. There are no trains on Sunday which I hadn't thought of, níl aon traein ar an Domhnach, rud nár chuimhníos air. I had to go to a football match, which I detest, b'éigean dom dul chuig cluiche peile, rud a bhfuil an ghráin agam air.
ABAIRTÍ IN ENGLISH—IRISH DICTIONARY
Added to which, agus chomh maith leis sin.
The best one of all those which I bought, an ceann is fearr dar cheannaigh mé.
In a tone which allowed of no reply, i nglór nach bhfulaingeodh freagra.
The shame which attaches to a crime, an náire a shiúlas le coir.
Besides which, he was ill, gan trácht air sin, ní raibh sé ar fónamh.
The bourne from which no traveller returns, an saol nach dtagann éinne ar ais as.
He knows on which side his bread is buttered, is léir dó cad é atá lena leas.
To see which way the cat jumps, féachaint cén cheard a shéidfidh an ghaoth.
Case which is under dispute, cúis atá á plé.
Attempt which is doomed to failure, iarracht f nach raibh aon fhorás i ndán di.
Hill which was dotted with houses, cnoc a bhí breac le tithe.
Gram: A verb which governs the dative, briathar a rialaíonn an tuiseal tabharthach; briathar a leanann tuiseal tabharthach é.
Which one will you have? cé acu ceann a thógfas tú?
The heartiness which he puts into his work, an díocas atá air i gceann a chuid oibre.
Praise which was indeed well deserved, agus sin féin an moladh a bhí tuillte.
Med: A case in which a certain treatment is indicated, cás nach mór cóireáil áirithe dó.
He became intoxicated with the praise which he received, chuaigh an moladh a fuair sé ina cheann dó.
Which road leads to Cork? cé acu bóthar Chorcaí?
A career for which I have no liking, slí bheatha nach mian liom.
Which way does the house look? cén treo a bhfuil aghaidh an tí?
The manner in which he spoke, an dóigh ar labhair sé.
Remarks which are not material to the point in question, cainteanna nach mbainfeadh le hábhar.
. . .of which more anon, . . . ach beimid ag caint air sin arís.
Which one do you prefer? cé acu (ceann) is fearr leat?
In a manner which permitted of no reply, ar dhóigh nárbh fhéidir a fhreagairt.
The manner in which he reacted to the news, an chaoi a ndeachaigh an scéala i bhfeidhm air.
Fact which has obtained general recognition, rud a hadmhaítear go coitianta.
In return for which... agus ina chúiteamh sin...
The distance which separates the two towns, an fad atá idir an dá bhaile.
Which is as it should be, rud is cóir.
He died young, which was not surprising, cailleadh óg é, ní nach ionadh.
There was that in him which inspired fear, bhí rud éigin, an ní sin, ann a chuirfeadh eagla ort.
I don't know which way, where, to turn, níl fhios agam cá dtabharfaidh mé m'aghaidh.
A kindness which was returned twofold, gar m a cúitíodh faoi dhó.
To leave nothing undone which might help, gan faillí a dhéanamh in aon rud a rachadh chun sochair.
Which way is the wind blowing, cén aird ghaoithe atá ann? cá bhfuil an ghaoth?
Which way did you come? cén bealach ar tháinig tú?
Which ever you are interested in, cibé ceann a bhfuil spéis agat ann.
Look which way you will. . ., is cuma cá dtabharfaidh tú d'aghaidh . . ., cibé áit a bhféachfair . . .
F: To see which way the wind blows, féachaint leis na cúrsaí a mharaíocht.
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